King was born in 1929 and became a Baptist minister and activist, who led a movement of nonviolent civil disobedience. He led the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955, where people took a stand against racial segregation by refusing to surrender their seats to white people. The campaign lasted for a year, and was sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks – who refused to give up her seat.
King organized several nonviolent protests and marches in the following decade. He helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington, where King delivered his famous ‘I Have a Dream speech’ and earned his reputation as one of he greatest public speakers in American history.